Test 4 you will listen to several different recordings and have to answer questions about what you hear. There will be time for you to read the instructions and questions, and you will have a chance to check your work. All recordings will be played once. only the test consists of four sections at the end of the test you will be given 10 minutes to transfer your answers to an answer sheet now move on to section one section one you will listen to two colleagues, marcus and her, discussing a work


first, has something It's time to look at questions one through five you'll see there's an


ple that's been done for you this time only the conversation related to this will play first ok she since you know the deadline for this


is the end of the month, so we better plan it well.

Yes, I've already been thinking along those lines and I've decided that we need to break this project into three phases: pre-phase, then phase one, and then phase two, with strict deadlines for each. the woman uses the term run-through, so run-up has been written in the space now we'll start. You must answer the questions as you listen because you will not listen to the recording a second time. Now listen carefully and answer questions one to five. Ella, as you know, the deadline for this project is the end of the month, so we'd better plan it well. Yes, I have already been thinking in that sense and I have decided that we should divide this project into three phases, the previous phase. then phase one and then phase two with strict deadlines for each since we have to finish this fast that sounds good tell me more the previous phase is the simplest we just need to allocate a space or place to do our planning and this space will have It will have to be quite big and we will also have to decide on the necessary equipment.

More Interesting Facts About,

ielts listening basic details of a project complete exam model ebenz day 161...

Remember the last project, when we didn't have enough projectors to present our ideas, we wasted a lot of time there. Yeah, it was a bad start, that's why. Once the preliminary phase is


, I have allocated just three days for phase one, which will involve drawing the plans. We will need Jenna to help us and Marco, yes, but not Susan. Susan is too busy to be as involved as I am. I wish she was on the team. Instead, let's take Fred. He will make sure that Fred doesn't have as much experience as Greg, but I agree that he will do well in this job.

Then we will go directly to phase two. Collect, collate, analyze and prepare the final report. Can? to do that in five days I think it's optimistic, that's why I scheduled six, it's almost a week, we have so much time to do it and with the right people, six days we should see the work done, who are the people for this? You face Arthur and Rob, right? No Arthur has other things to do and Rob is on leave so Mike will be the main man for this part. He's done it before, so it should be fine, but he may need help with the smaller tasks.

Someone who is good with


and procedures. Peter is not free at the moment, so I can arrange for Leo to contribute some time and advice. Leo is very helpful, especially under pressure, and that's about it. Well done. Ella, this report should be ready in time before you listen to the rest of the conversation. It's time to look at questions 6 through 10. Now listen and answer questions 6 through 10. Okay, she's done a good job with the


time frame of this project, but what about the


? What kind of details? Okay, things like information gathering, where are we going? use quizzes like we did last time.

She was thinking of using the internet to ask people for their opinions, but you often get such dumb answers when you do that that I'm of the opinion that the best way to find out things is to ask. people directly, so that's what we'll do, okay, but that will take longer, we'll probably even have to do some of the work at home. No, I don't think so, as long as we stay at work for a few after-hours meetings. that's better than getting there early no one works well in the morning plus the final report will need at least two appendices not only will we have to attach a small booklet at the end containing hard copies of the relevant parts of all the foreign websites we accessed that will take yet more time are you sure we can meet this deadline?

Yes, I've figured it all out and I'm sure we can do it. Phase one should be finished by fifth, leaving phase two to start around eighth or ninth. now there's a bank holiday on the 10th which means everything should be able to ship on the 15th and after that we can relax and celebrate on the 25th when the design division gives us the go ahead to go ahead huh, you're assuming that the design division will approve this and that's not guaranteed at all oh come on Marcus be positive you know this should pass in fact I'm even planning the celebration when this is all over oh yeah what's on the agenda , well then, we definitely don't want to party at the office, we want to get away from this place and we are all too busy with our own lives and families to find a free time for a dinner, so I thought I'd buy something nice and expensive. giveaways to everyone who participated we can give them out to people here in the office, that's fine with me, but make sure they're not too expensive, the budget department will never approve the cost, don't worry, I know how much I can get.

Ok ok I'll leave it with you that's the end of section one now you have half a minute to check your answers now move on to section two section two you will hear a maintenance worker talking to a university official about a recent storm. damage to the main building first you have some time to read questions 11 to 15. now listen carefully and answer questions 11 to 15. Hello, I was asked to tell you about the extent of the damage to the main building caused by the recent storm oh that's right I guess most of the damage is just to the main building, in fact it is as the building is so old; however, luckily the damage is minor and everything can be fixed in one day since we have five people on our team, what will they do first?

I understand they will start at eight in the morning, that's right, we were going to remove the fallen tree, but we were told that there are


s that morning and I am sure that the sound of those saws and other heavy equipment will disturb all the students, so we'll fix that leaky roof which is a four hour job as it involves a substantial repair not like fixing broken windows which can be done pretty quickly so you'll be fixing the broken window after that starting on noon. We could do that, but since we'll be working on the roof, it makes more sense to get rid of those bird nests.

It's a small job but it will require crawling into the ceiling cavity, which is not an easy exercise, so it will take about an hour. but this is good as by then the exams should be over and we can deal with that tree that got felled after our hour long lunch break of course it will be quite noisy to deal with but it will be done by three o'clock the afternoon. clock some of our staff are going to go fix things somewhere else an office nearby needs a new window but two of us including me are going to stay here to paint that faded part of their office wall oh good it looks so horrible right now well we will certainly make it look good one more time and in the last hour of our workday we will fix that issue with the wiring apparently the power is not reaching one of the classrooms probably some water got in the fuse. box, so we'll just swap some wires and wipe out the moisture and you should be fine before you hear the rest of the chatter.

You have some time to look at questions 16-20. Now listen and answer questions 16-20. I certainly appreciate all the effort you and your team are putting in to fix things here, but I have a request and what is that? Did you say you're going to paint the back wall of my office? Will it be the same color as before? Yeah come on. I'll make it a nice white color, well that's the point. I would prefer it to be yellow to match the furniture. The furniture is actually orange, but I think yellow goes well. You can do it?

We can certainly do that yellow. It's certainly a nicer color than plain white or blue in my kitchen at home and we can leave you the paint chamber in case you need to do some touch ups or if the stain comes back I'll just leave it in the garden. I left the one next to the main classroom and by the way, about those birds on the roof, I was investigating and I heard little birds singing there, so there must be some youngsters in a nest, I thought you might like to know. that we can give them to a wildlife preserve, there's one in the next suburbs so it shouldn't be too much of a problem or you could give them to one of our teachers.

I have a colleague who can raise them. I would say the wildlife reserve is better. option as the people there are used to dealing with animals and as for that fallen tree we will cut it into small pieces and that can be firewood in my house so it won't go to waste either though the smoke will cause some pollution but I have a special license for my fireplace, so no one can object to that. I have also noticed that the university has a garden bin for the smaller items, leaves, sticks, bark, etc., so we can dispose of the material in that place as well do you.

It does have some waste piles out back, but a proper yard bin means the material will be recycled and that's better for the environment, so rest assured we'll use it. That is the end of section two. Now you have half a minute to review your answers now move on to section three section three you will listen to three students, steve david and susan, discussing the different courses they attend first. Please have some time to look at questions 21-26. Now listen carefully and answer questions 21-26. Well, gentlemen, we have almost finished our second semester at this university.

What do you think of all the courses we attend in general? I'd say they're pretty good, apart from Social History, which seems a bit inaccurate to me. Yes, the teacher's style is also very. very boring I certainly agree with you on that although I would say the textbook is more interesting welfare state the subtitle says an examination of social development in the 20th century yes welfare state is a good book but look how many pages it is 458 i agree I agree that it's too long to easily read too much, although it's certainly well written in parts, yes, and if you compare it to the cultural studies textbook, what do you call it interviews, I think not, that's the studies book of media and we finished that subject last semester. the book you're thinking of is in perspective oh sorry you're right in perspective and the subtitle says a comparison of social groups kind of interesting wouldn't you say right as the subject deals with such a wide variety of issues, but the book itself certainly oversimplifies a very complex topic.

I agree. I was also annoyed by this constant oversimplification. Life is more complicated than it suggests. Yes, but what you call oversimplifying may well be considered clarifying. Look at this other textbook. The government in action. Some may say you oversimplify too but you have to do it to present a coherent picture of an equally complex subject government in action whose subjects are textbook political theory oh I hate politics that's why I don't like the subject of leadership either active and Most of the stuff in that political theory textbook is based on the American system. You see, it's written by Americans, so it's not even relevant to us.

I agree with you that it is not relevant to us at all, since our government uses the Westminster system. Yeah, I guess that's a problem. Before you listen to the rest of the conversation, you have some time to look at questions 27-30. Now listen and answer questions 27-30. Well, it seems that we all have some criticisms about the textbooks we're in. but at the same time we all like some elements at least of the subjects we are studying what is your favorite subject david i'm not sure i like political theory but cultural studies is by far the best, even better than political theory political theory, which I like too I like it, but not that much, why do you say that, Steve?

I was thinking maybe social history is worth considering as the best social history is good but I made my choice because the topic is relevant to this modern society but so is social history and I like the historical element of it. the other subjects are lacking, even political theory examines history only briefly and in a very limited way, so I would say that social history is the most rewarding for me. What about you, Susan? I think social history is certainlyvery good, but political theory is in In fact, it's for the best, since


ally every human system boils down to politics, so despite some irrelevance in the details, the basic message remains as relevant as ever.

Oh, Susan, you can't be serious. Let's ask Olive again. She is there. Olive. What theme do you think it is? The best, a difficult question. I am very interested in culture, so cultural studies is certainly my cup of tea, but I am also politically active and hope to pursue this as a career, so political theory would be my choice. Don't believe it even with that irrelevant textbook don't listen to it olive you're entitled to your own opinion that's the end of section three now you have half a minute to check your answers now go to section four section four will you listen to For a lecturer to talk about population movement to cities, you first have some time to look at questions 31 and 32.

Now listen carefully and answer questions 31 and 32 if you consider the farms of yesteryear, the kind your father grew up on or your grandfather. they were small and labor intensive, plus they often had a diversity of produce either animal or vegetable, say cows and sheep, or oranges and lemons with a few peaches and a few chickens set aside for egg production the many workers involved they raised their families who needed products and support services like medical clinics and schools, so the small rural towns had storefronts for mercantile activities and community participation with all ages present and a distinct urban culture. and how it has changed traveling to any small rural town in virtually any developed country and you will often see that these places are now somewhat derelict and devoid of life and vigour, many of the residents have long since moved to the big cities so the Rural areas have been depopulated and their urban centers are empty.

This phenomenon is so predictable and widespread that it is even called rural flight or rural exodus and has produced some quite predictable problems. Before


to the next part of the lecture, you have some time to analyze the questions. 33-35 now listen and answer questions 33 to 35 regarding the causes of the rural exodus the most obvious is the industrialization of agriculture this comes in two aspects one of them is monocultural agricultural practices what this means is that it is now more efficient to have a product and focus on its needs almost exclusively so for example animal husbandry will usually involve only one type of animal say pigs but with huge factory farming techniques or in other words the second aspect, economies of scale, this means that instead of 200 pigs there will be 2,000 well packed into small pens or crates with high-density waste removal and automatic feeding systems, but despite its enormous size, it can all be controlled by just a dozen farm workers pressing the right button.

You may not like it, but in a competitive market, cheaper overhead is better and you can't argue with the market economy, it's just the way of the modern world and it has changed the face of mostly rural districts for worse. Before


to the rest of the lecture, you have some time to discuss the questions. 36 to 40. Now listen and answer questions 36 to 40. We can talk at length about the problem of the rural exodus, but what about the solutions? There is certainly reason to be hopeful, as many are now feeling the negative aspects of the increasing urbanization that the countryside has experienced. it generally does not have it, so tourism, for example, is undoubtedly a way of income and revitalization.

The most important consideration here is that local residents themselves participate in developing such initiatives and deciding what happens, as outsiders, whether state government or city planners, do not fully do so. understand the local environments, the possibilities that can be offered or the culture of the city, as even small rural areas can be very different from their neighbours, for example, the Dalesford area has developed a tourist industry based on the natural springs that exist, presenting the angle that this water is relaxing and revitalizing for health. Small-scale spas, saunas and accommodations have developed within its picturesque slopes. Another solution is to use the predominant local product.

This takes advantage of the fact that many people in the city are developing a dislike for factory-produced products. and packaged foods are becoming interested in products that can be sold directly to them at a cheaper price while retaining all the freshness of the tree or animal. It is important here that the rural area is not only characterized by a specific product but also commercializes this idea. Well, for example, many areas of the country of Victoria have developed widespread grape growing and wine making facilities and encourage wine tasting tourism. It is now a thriving industry with international patronage.

Similarly, Harcourt is famous for Sheppard apples and mature cheeses and Mildura for its citrus products. Well, to give hope that rural areas can revitalize someone and once again be lively and interesting places to live. That's the end of section four.


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